Torture and its psychological effects in Northern Ireland

ISBN: 978-0-9959854-5-2

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Tommy McKearney:  “A groundbreaking analysis”


“Northern Irish people are neither mentally defective nor biologically prone to mental breakdown. We need a social model that validates our lived experiences, not a medical model that pathologizes them.”

Northern Ireland has suffered decades of war, and the prevalence of mental health problems and addictions is now at epidemic levels. However, post-war trauma is not officially acknowledged as a cause of these problems. On the contrary, the authorities deny there was a war in Northern Ireland. They call it the “Troubles” or the “Conflict.”

Patricia Campbell grew up in Northern Ireland and worked as a Community Mental Health Nurse in Belfast. Drawing on her personal and professional experiences, Campbell connects the trauma of war with the current epidemic of psychological suffering.

Campbell discovered that torture techniques developed in a Canadian university were used by the British military in Northern Ireland, and many of her patients were subjected to this torture.

Because neither the hardship of war nor the existence of war-related trauma are acknowledged, unresolved trauma is often communicated through psychological symptoms.

This publication is based on Patricia Campbell’s presentation to a forum of mental health professionals in Toronto, May 4, 2017.


Watch Patricia Campbell on YouTube:

Contact Patricia Campbell –  promoteawareness1@gmail.com